A TEA TASTER’S GLOSSARY
The odor of the tea liquor and the infused leaf, is also called nose or fragrance. A complex aroma is often described as a bouquet.
The dry, puckering quality of the liquor caused by tannins in the tea. This feeling is refreshing and invigorating.
A taste that is lively and brisk.
The tactile sensation of weight and substance of the liquor experienced in the mouth. The impression of viscosity is not due solely to the amount of soluble solids, but is accentuated by flavor and pungency. In black teas, full body denotes a strong, thick, concentrated infusion.
Big pieces of leaf.
Refers to a liquor with a bitter taste.
Characteristic of all fine teas. Bright teas have a refreshing liquor with a lively, limpid, or sparkling appearance.
Brisk teas have a lively taste, that is palate pleasing, not flat and have the appropriate astringency.
Usually used to describe dry leaf free of dust, fiber and stalk, with a taste that is pure.
A liquor that has strength but poor quality.
Color varies with the type of tea and origin, but should be bright, limpid, or deep, as opposed to stewy or flat.
Refers to the color, of brewed black tea, that results from high quality manufacturing processes.
Also called creamed or creamed down, this refers to the “film” that sometimes forms as certain black teas cool. This is important when looking to teas that will work best as an iced tea. This cloudiness can be dispersed by adding just a drop of hot water to the cooled liquor.
The opposite of bright, and not a desirable quality.
When teas are stored in damp conditions they are sometimes referred to as earthy. But this term can also be used to describe the desirable taste of some green, oolong and pu-erh teas.
Leaf pieces of roughly the same size.
A term that is sometimes used, incorrectly, to describe the processing of Oolong and Black teas. The actual process is called oxidation, although fermentation is employed when processing Pu-erh teas.
Leaf that is in flakes rather than twisted pieces.
A tea that has gone off, has too much moisture.
Used to describe the taste of high quality teas. A bouquet that can be tasted as well as sniffed would be flavory.
Characteristic of the fragrant aroma of many fine high grown Ceylon and Indian teas.
A flavor taint due to improper processing during oxidation; however, a piquant, fruity quality is characteristic of some Oolong teas, and sometimes fruity is used to describe teas that are flavored with fruit or fruit flavors.
Denotes well-made fannings or dusts.
This term refers to a black tea whose infusion has a bright green color and unpleasant astringency. This can be the result of processing problems due to under-rolling or under-fermentation. When it refers to a green tea, however, this is a desired color characteristic.
Used to describe a black tea liquor with great pungency.
A bitter, raw taste with little strength. This is usually the result of low quality leaves or mistakes in the manufacturing process.
Uneven size pieces of leaf.
The characteristic flavor primarily found in Assam teas.
The opposite of greenish, harsh, etc.
An undesirable taste resulting from poor growing conditions or improper storage of teas.
The appearance of brewed tea that is dull.
A taste characteristic found in some Darjeeling teas.
Refers to the pleasing aroma of dry leaf tea.
Black tea leaf with a desirable briskness
Lacking in desirable qualities and character.
An astringent, brisk, puckery palate sensation.
Uneven and irregular pieces of leaf.
Said of a tea that possesses all the requisites of quality and thus does not need blending.
With a pleasant, rounded taste.
This can refer to an unwanted taste of smoke present in the tea resulting from improper processing or storage. When referring to smoked tea, Lapsang Souchong, however, it is a desirable characteristic of fragrance and flavor.
Unpleasant flavor caused by chemicals used in cultivation, or by damp conditions, or by pollution during transportation, etc.
One of the major components which contributes to the taste and pungency of tea.
Brewed Tea with substance.
A tea with little strength due to hard withering, under-rolling, or too high a temperature during rolling.
The very end of the delicate young buds that give golden flecks to the processed leaf.
Refers to infusions of herbs, fruits, etc that do not contain tea (Camellia sinensis).
Usually used to describe fine Darjeeling or Keemun black teas.
Well-twisted leaf, as opposed to open pieces.